Dow Jones surges more than 500 points as stocks snap 3-day losing streak

U.S. stocks posted sharp gains Monday, with indexes bouncing back after the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite fell into corrections last week.

Investors were looking ahead to a Federal Reserve decision, jobs data, earnings reports and other potential market-moving events this week.

What happened

  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average
    rose 511.37 points, or 1.6%, to close at 32,928.96.

  • The S&P 500
    gained 49.45 points, or 1.2%, to end at 4,166.82.

  • The Nasdaq Composite
    ended at 12,789.48, up 146.47 points, or 1.2%.

The Dow and S&P 500 snapped three-day losing streaks, while the Nasdaq scored back-to-back gains.

What drove markets

Stock buyers returned after the S&P 500 on Friday joined the Nasdaq Composite in correction territory, having shed more than 10% from its recent high at the end of July to close at its lowest since May.

See: S&P 500 index enters a correction. Here’s what it means for future performance.

Relief that the Israel-Hamas war had not drawn in other combatants in the region over the weekend was helping sentiment, according to analysts. Oil futures fell sharply Monday, with the U.S. benchmark falling 3% to erase gains seen since the Oct. 7 Hamas attack on southern Israel.

“Despite the terrible events in Israel and Gaza, oil prices have generally been well behaved and, with global growth looking sluggish, should stay that way, barring a broadening of the Middle East conflict,” David Kelly, chief global strategist at J.P. Morgan Asset Management, said in a note.

“Meanwhile, gasoline prices have drifted lower as refiner margins have eased, suggesting that energy inflation should be negative for October,” he wrote.

Stock-market investors weighed a report that the Bank of Japan may move Tuesday to loosen its cap on 10-year Japanese government bond yields
by allowing the rate to rise above 1%. A move to loosen the cap in July, moving it from 0.5% to 1%, sent tremors through global markets.

See: Bank of Japan may further loosen cap on long-term bond yields, report says

Equity benchmarks have suffered of late partly because of some poorly received third-quarter earnings — notably from big technology companies that had led the broader market higher for much of the year. The next tech behemoth to present its numbers will be Apple Inc.
after the market closes on Thursday.

Earnings Watch: Big Tech earnings have been strong, but Apple is about to answer the thousand-dollar question

Earnings season remains in full swing, with investors digesting results from corporate heavyweights early Monday.

Another factor pressuring equities over the past several weeks was the lurch higher in benchmark bond yields
on concerns a robust economy will force the Federal Reserve to keep interest rates high for longer and, amid fears additional Treasury issuance, will push down prices.

Both of those issues will be addressed Wednesday, when the Treasury will publish its quarterly refunding announcement in the morning, followed in the afternoon by the Fed’s latest interest-rate decision. Treasury on Monday afternoon said it expects to borrow $776 billion in the fourth quarter, which is $76 billion lower than the prior estimate made in July.

Looking ahead to the first quarter, Treasury said it expects to borrow $816 billion, with a cash balance at the end of March of $750 billion.

Check out: How stock-market investors can ride out a ‘fear cycle’ as S&P 500, Nasdaq fall into correction

Fed Chair Jerome Powell and fellow policy makers are expected to leave borrowing costs unchanged at a range of 5.25% to 5.5%, so investors will be eager to hear if he gives any clues about Fed trajectory in coming months.

The nonfarm payrolls jobs report on Friday will doubtless play an important role in the Fed’s future deliberations.

Companies in focus

  • Shares of Dow component McDonald’s Corp.
    rose 1.7%, after the fast-food restaurant giant reported third-quarter results that rose above expectations, with price increases helping boost U.S. results.

  • SoFi Technologies Inc.
    on Monday posted a large revenue beat for the latest quarter and gave an upbeat outlook. Shares gained 1%.

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