LONDON (Reuters) – There’s not much time to get over the New Year’s partying: the most closely watched U.S. economic release and key euro area inflation data are on the calendar this week, suggesting a busy start to 2024.
With hopes high for big central banks to start cutting interest rates soon, euphoric financial markets could soon be tested, while the timing of a Bank of Japan rate increase remains in focus.
Here’s your look ahead to the first trading week of the new year with Kevin Buckland in Tokyo, Yoruk Bahceli in Amsterdam, Ira Iosebashvili in New York and Dhara Ranasinghe in London.
1/ GOLDILOCKS, STICK AROUND
The health of the U.S. jobs market is crucial to gauging whether a Goldilocks scenario continues into 2024, putting Friday’s December non-farm payrolls report in the spotlight.
Economic growth has cooled and inflation has eased, fueling a massive cross-asset rally and allowing the Federal Reserve to pencil in more rate cuts for 2024. At the same time, the economy has shown little evidence that months of tighter monetary policy are spawning a severe downturn.
Signs of deviation from that scenario – in the form of exceedingly strong jobs growth or a sudden drop in employment – could shake investors’ confidence in a soft landing.
Economists polled by Reuters expect the U.S. economy added 158,000 jobs in December versus 199,000 in November.
2/ INFLATION SURPRISE?
For all the joy in markets, data also out on Friday is expected to show euro zone inflation accelerated in December for the first time since April.
A Reuters poll sees it jumping to 3% from 2.4% in November, snapping a sharp drop which saw inflation undershoot expectations for three straight months.
Economists reckon the rise will largely result from energy support measures a year ago, particularly in Germany, where the government had covered household gas bills, meaning a lower “base” to which December 2023 prices are compared.
So, investors will have to sift through the data to assess how current price pressures are evolving. Any surprise higher would unnerve traders, who are expecting more than six quarter-point ECB rate cuts in 2024.
The good news: core inflation, excluding volatile food and energy prices, should continue dropping. The narrowest measure is seen falling to 3.4%, which would be the lowest since March 2022.
3/ WARNING SIGN
What goes up, must come down.
Rate-cut exuberance means markets start the new year on a high – stocks are at their highest in over a year, government bond yields are at multi-month lows.
Perhaps complacency is too strong given elevated geopolitical risks, the prospects for corporate defaults to rise and key elections starting with Taiwan on Jan 13.
The , a well-known market fear gauge, hit over three-year lows in December, and the MOVE Treasury market volatility indicator is well below a March peak.
The coming days will put investor confidence to the test. And if a new year is a moment to reflect on a year gone by, don’t forget the curve balls (banking crisis, Hamas-Israel war, Argentine election result) that caught many by surprise.
4/ HIDDEN HAWK?
Building bets for an imminent end to the Bank of Japan’s negative rates policy were batted back in December, when it stuck to a resolutely dovish stance.
Yet Governor Kazuo Ueda, with a penchant for the unexpected, offered a tantalizing morsel to hawks, saying that “generally speaking” a stimulus exit could include an element of surprise.
So, while the surface message continues to be one of patience, borne out by data showing inflationary pressures waning, comments from the BOJ ahead of its Jan. 23 meeting are in focus.
In fact, in a Dec. 27 interview, Ueda hinted again that the results of spring wage negotiations are not essential to a hawkish shift, and that “quite a lot of information” could be gleaned from the BOJ’s regional branch manager meeting in mid-January.
5/ SAME TARGET, BIGGER CHALLENGE
With China’s economy on track to meet Beijing’s 5% growth goal in 2023, government advisers seem confident in calling for the same target in 2024.
A big issue, though, is that there won’t be the same flattering annual comparison with the COVID-lockdown slump of 2022.
That means tough choices for policymakers, particularly around loading up on more debt, as Beijing struggles to shift from construction-led development to consumption-fueled growth.
A private-sector survey on Tuesday showed China’s factory activity expanded at a quicker pace last month, while official data over the weekend showed manufacturing activity shrank for a third straight month in December.
Investors, expecting more stimulus, will be watching China headlines closely. Domestic demand is still tepid and the property market, where 70% of household wealth is parked, is teetering near collapse.
Official growth targets won’t be announced until March, but what measures emerge before then will say a lot about China’s strategy – and the risks of falling foul of a Moody’s (NYSE:) threat for a ratings downgrade.
(Graphics by Kripa Jayaram, Kevin Yao, Vineet Sachdev, Pasit Kongkunakornkul, Marc Jones and Sumanta Sen; Compiled by Dhara Ranasinghe; Editing by Miral Fahmy and Gareth Jones)